After the ten waters, the printing and dyeing enterprises will do it?
The environmental protection requirements are upgraded, and the printing and dyeing industry with huge emissions is facing a transformation.
On April 16, the State Council issued the Water Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan (referred to as “Water Ten”), and repeatedly named the large-scale water pollution printing and dyeing industry. It proposed to ban all non-compliant printing and dyeing small enterprises before the end of 2016, and implement the printing and dyeing industry before the end of 2017. Cleanup plans for low-drainage, dyeing and finishing processes.
On the previous day, at the conclusion meeting of the “Green Textile Efficiency Improvement City” project held in Shanghai, Liu Wenqiang, Director of the Comprehensive Department of Energy Conservation and Comprehensive Utilization Department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, revealed that the State Council has reviewed and adopted the 2025 Strategic Plan for China Manufacturing, which clarifies the basics of industrial green development. Ideas. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is organizing the preparation of green engineering implementation plans to comprehensively promote green production of enterprises.
As the world's largest textile producer, China's annual textile output is more than 80 billion meters, accounting for more than 50% of global production. Behind the production figures, there is a water consumption of up to 250 tons per 10,000 meters of fabric, and the total energy consumption of the industry is as high as 80 million tons of standard coal (2012 data).
The textile industry has become the third largest industry in China for wastewater discharge, with chemical use ranking second.
International brands begin to value the environmental impact of suppliers
In the past year, the International Environmental Protection Organization Natural Resources Protection Association (NRDC) has tried to save energy and reduce emissions in the Chinese textile printing and dyeing industry. By combining the international apparel brand retailers such as Target, Gap, Levi's and H&M, the latter's purchasing influence is used. Take measures to motivate its supply chain companies to reduce the negative impact on the environment.
At the end of 2012, the international environmental organization Greenpeace had exposed that many textile printing and dyeing factories in the Shaoxing Industrial Park in Zhejiang discharged a large amount of industrial wastewater and caused pollution to the Qiantang River, and pointed out that the upstream of these factories included the aforementioned brands. A number of international clothing brands within.
The change that can be seen is to encourage the printing and dyeing factories to carry out environmental upgrading of the production process by creating a “green supply chain”, which has become an attempt by many international brands to improve their ecological responsibility.
NRDC participated in the contact with international brands to save energy and reduce emissions. He told reporters: "It was difficult to contact the brand to find a supply factory in the past few years, because the second and third-tier suppliers are relatively dispersed, and some brands are even unclear about their suppliers. Where, but in a few years, I can clearly feel that the brand has begun to pay attention to the environmental impact of suppliers. If it is on the IPE list, the brand will be very nervous."
“IPE” refers to the public environmental research center of China's domestic environmental protection organization. It has drawn a “pollution map” for Chinese companies, online monitoring of more than 100 international brands and their supply chains, and environmental performance of sub-supply factories. Will directly affect the brand's market competitiveness.
NRDC announced that it has achieved more than 200 energy saving and emission reduction improvement measures, achieving 36% water saving rate and 22% energy saving rate for 33 printing and dyeing factories, saving production costs of nearly 100 million yuan (US$14.7 million). Ms. Ge Lin, the director of the project, said to the news, “There are a lot of opportunities in the industry that are both environmentally friendly and cost-effective.”
Ten measures such as condensate recovery and process wastewater reuse are considered by NRDC to be the best practice for energy conservation and emission reduction. “These are very basic measures. In the past, companies may have not received systematic training, such as when recovering condensate. The important heat was not recovered, and no one gave him the account of energy saving and emission reduction.” Yan Xin said.
"The large-scale energy-saving and emission reduction technology transformation may be put aside first"
According to Hu Kehua, deputy director of the Social Responsibility Office of the China National Textile and Apparel Council, the printing and dyeing industry, which is an important part of the textile industry's industrial chain, has a huge space for sustainable development, but its environmental protection space for transformation and upgrading is very narrow. And the environment is not suitable for the two spaces."
Liu Wenqiang also admitted that the industrial green transformation and development faces many challenges. "The existing assessment, incentive mechanism and institutional system are not suitable for the requirements of green transformation. If the enterprise meets the standards or is superior to the national environmental emission standards, we basically have no incentive policies. The business is doing very well but there is no encouragement and no enthusiasm."
"In addition, the endogenous power of energy conservation and emission reduction of enterprises, the overall decline in import and export in the first quarter, the economic situation is very risky, and the pressure is very high, so many of our companies have insufficient orders, and ensuring production and insurance is the top priority. The technical transformation of scale energy-saving and emission reduction may be put aside first." Liu Wenqiang said at the summary meeting of the green textile efficiency improvement city project.
However, the "Water Ten" may bring more expectations. Hu Kehua told the news that the "Water Ten" will force the company's environmental responsibility, and the environmental protection capability has become the basic participation and major variables of the sustainable development of printing and dyeing enterprises. The opportunities or challenges faced by the printing and dyeing industry will be due to the enterprise itself. The environmental management capabilities can be seen.
Hu Kehua believes that “Water Ten” provides a road map for water pollution control, but industrial pollution is not a solution to the prevention and control of an industrial sector. “The core of water pollution prevention is not the water itself, but the environmental impact of industrial chemicals. Governance, which requires the synergy of the upstream and downstream of the industry, also requires the "Water Ten" to propose a more refined governance model. (澎湃新闻网)